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5 Great Ways to Make Your Classroom a Healthier, Happier Place

Cool Cat Teacher Blog Vicki Davis - 3 September, 2015 - 20:55

Sponsored by Staples

Little moments can make a big difference. As teachers, we need to protect our health. We also are charged with protecting the children in our care. Let’s talk about some small things that can make a big difference in the lives of children (and teachers.)

This blog post is sponsored by Staples. Office products power your office, but People Products power your people. Coffee, snacks, even desk-cleaning wipes – they make work feel like home and your team feel good. Learn more about People Products at Staples.

1. Encourage the Use of Hand Sanitizer and Hand Washing.

The first thing students do when they enter my classroom makes a big difference. They use hand sanitizer. While I encourage them to wash their hands frequently, they can’t always do that between classes.

A 2002 study found that telephones, desks, water fountain handles, microwave door handles, and computer keyboards are the most bacteria-laden culprits in our workplaces today.

So, hand sanitizer is important. Remember they should also use it when they leave the classroom. (They have been using the keyboards, after all, and need that protection.)

Get deals on hand soaps and hand sanitizers at Staples. I have a Purell touch free dispenser on my wall but I also have an extra pump sanitizer that I’ll use if a student starts sneezing or needs it. 2. Clean Your Classroom.

Our janitor does a fantastic job. But as the computer lab instructor, I do a little extra. I started doing this eight years ago when I realized one week that every student who sat at computer eight was out with strep.  As I researched my suspicions, I found that an outbreak of the flu at an elementary school in 2008 was blamed on “infected computer equipment.”

Computers can carry germs.

I spray antibacterial electronics cleaner onto a microfiber cloth and wipe down keyboards at least once a week. But when sickness is happening, I’ll do it even more. Then, after I do this, I’ll go scrub my own hands with soap and water.

This is one of those little extras I do because I love the kids. After I started this weekly habit, I noticed that I didn’t get any “sick computers” any more. Kids still get sick, of course, but I believe I’m doing all I can.

You can pick up electronics wipes but I look for antibacterial cleaning wipes for the keyboard. Because I have so many computers, I use antibacterial electronics spray spray to make sure the keyboards are disinfected. Spray onto the microfiber cloth and then wipe the keyboard. Don’t spray the keyboards directly. Also disinfect other places where students touch a lot. 3. Nourish Yourself When You Take a Break

Ninety seven percent of Americans snack, getting 24% of their calories from snacks. Snacking helps you keep your blood sugar level (especially if you have a long time between your breakfast and lunch, like I do.)

Look for healthy snacks and plan ahead. I keep almonds and walnuts at my desk for break. When I don’t plan ahead, I get hungry and eat “whatever.” I’ll find that by the afternoon, I have no energy. So, I have a snack cabinet where I stock healthy snacks for the week.

Plan ahead. Buy several weeks worth of healthy snacks.

4. Drink Lots of Water

Seventy five percent  of Americans may suffer from chronic dehydration. The Mayo Clinic says you need roughly 8 glasses of fluids a day. Drink water or fluids continually. I keep a full water bottle at my desk. (I like the double walled water bottle [pictured] because it has no condensation and leaves no ring.)

Staying hydrated helps you think. It keeps you healthy.

Stock water in your room, or buy a refillable water bottle.

I keep my double walled water bottle by my desk and filled. It helps me feel great and think more clearly when I’m hydrated.

5. Get a Good Chair

Several years ago, I started having knee problems. My husband is an industrial engineer. They often deal with ergonomics. He came and looked at my desk and work area. He said it was my chair!

He bought me a new chair for my birthday. (Most teachers can get their school to buy one, but it wasn’t the case for me.) That chair was one of the best investments we have made in my health! My knee problems were gone within the week!

Make sure your work area fits your build and helps you have good posture. I adjust my chair for me and do not let my students borrow it — ever. That chair is an investment in my good health.

Find an ergonomic chair with the proper support for your back, the elbows, and your height. My husband says that you need a chair where the height of the chair, position of the seat, angle of the back, and height of the armrest can be adjusted. The chair should promote good posture.

Thrive! You Can Do It!

Teachers, take care of yourself! You are important!

As I wrap up this series of blog posts, I want to give a shout out to Staples and all they have been doing for teachers! I’ve had a great time as their Back to School Ambassador for teachers.

  • Staples has donated $10 million to Think It Up and are funding student projects as I type this blog post.
  • Staples has an incredible Teacher Rewards program.
  • Staples has even jumped into genius hour and have had students design school supplies. My son has the locker shelf and pencil bag designed by students and loves them.

And now, they’re wanting me to help you nourish and take care of yourself! I hope you’ll take time to check out all of their People Products.

This back to school time has been awesome! If you’re still shopping, check out my highly recommended back to school supplies and my favorite things to buy at Staples. Thanks, Staples.

Take care of yourself, teachers!

Disclosure of Material Connection: This is a “sponsored post.” The company who sponsored it compensated me via cash payment, gift, or something else of value to edit and post it. Regardless, I only recommend products or services I believe will be good for my readers and are from companies I can recommend. I am disclosing this in accordance with the Federal Trade Commission’s 16 CFR, Part 255: “Guides Concerning the Use of Endorsements and Testimonials in Advertising.)


The post 5 Great Ways to Make Your Classroom a Healthier, Happier Place appeared first on Cool Cat Teacher Blog.

Categories: Planet

Find the Awesome, Create the Awesome

The Principal of Change George Couros - 3 September, 2015 - 11:51

Below is a visual from a cool site called Tweetping (tweetping.net) that shows all of the tweets at a given moment happening real time.

(The site is pretty neat to watch and this video is not as current as the website but hopefully you get the idea.)

I often show a video capture of this site, as to let people know that even though I am quite the optimist, I understand that at any point, in all of those tweets, there is horrible stuff being shared.

I know this and I get it.

What I really believe we need to do with our students, is not only help them find the awesome stuff, but to create it.

Jennifer Casa-Todd writes a great post on this topic, and shows how young people are using technology to make a positive impact on the lives of others:

Students use technology and social media to…

1.  empower others who have no voice
2.  address societal inequality
3.  promote important causes
4.  learn and share their learning
5.  be a more positive influence in the lives of others

And here are some great examples of kids doing this right now:

  • @ThatHannahAlper (Hannah Alper) uses social media to enpower and inspire–just check out her website, Call Me Hannah to see how she does this.  She is also a champion of environmental causes and just recently became a Youth Ambassador for Bystander Revolution, which is an organization taking a stand on bullying.
  • @Aidan_Aird, a 15 year old student in our District. created a website, Developing Innovations, “To inspire, celebrate and promote #STEM.”  Aird’s website states, “I realized there were lots of amazing kids out there working hard, creating and discovering amazing things. With them in mind, I created Developing Innovations…[which] has featured and celebrated over 65 young scientists from around the world on the website. There are so many hardworking young scientists out there that are trying to make a difference. By being featured on my website, they get the exposure they deserve and are encouraged to keep working hard. It is a place to celebrate their accomplishments and inspire other kids to follow in their footsteps.”
  • Jeremiah is a high school junior and creator of @westhighbros, a Twitter account that tweets compliments to friends and classmates.  Check out the video here. (shared by George Couros @gcouros)
  • Though Kid President (@Iamkidpresident)  gets a little help from Brad Montague, 10 yr-old Robby Novak definitely empowers others through his inspirational videos as well as his own story.  He is also a champion for important causes.  Currently, you can see him fighting child hunger by following the hashtag #hungerfreesummer or by checking out the video here.
  • Joshua ( @Joshua’s Heart) is a young man passionate about inspiring kindness in youth and stopping world hunger. Here is his keynote during the EduMatch Passion Pitch event hosted by @ShellTerrell and @SarahThomas found here.  More information about the great work he is doing can be found at  http://joshuasheart.org/

As Jennifer states in her post, it is easy to identify these kids as “outliers”, but our focus should be on making this the norm.

It is easy to complain that there is so much bad stuff online, so why not focus on teaching our students to inundate the web with the good?

Categories: Planet

CSTA Now Accepting Applications for Cutler-Bell Prize

Computer Science Teacher Alfred Thompson - 3 September, 2015 - 09:58

This is not your ordinary high school CS student prize. “Four winners will be selected annually and each will be awarded a $10,000 prize and cost of travel to the annual ACM/CSTA Cutler-Bell Prize in High School Computing Reception where students will demonstrate their programs and discuss their work.” This is for extra ordinary students who are doing things well beyond classroom assignments.

CSTA is pleased to announce that we are now accepting applicants for a new award aimed at recognizing talented high school students in computer science. The ACM/CSTA Cutler-Bell Prize in High School Computing seeks to promote and encourage the field of computer science, as well as to empower young and aspiring learners to pursue computing challenges outside of the traditional classroom environment.

Four winners will be selected annually and each will be awarded a $10,000 prize and cost of travel to the annual ACM/CSTA Cutler-Bell Prize in High School Computing Reception where students will demonstrate their programs and discuss their work. The prizes will be funded by a $1 million endowment established by David Cutler and Gordon Bell.
Eligible applicants for the award will include graduating high school seniors residing and attending school in the US. Challenges for the award will focus on developing an artifact that engages modern computing technology and computer science. Judges will look for submissions that demonstrate ingenuity, complexity, relevancy, originality, and a desire to further computer science as a discipline.
The application for the Cutler-Bell Prize is available now and will close on January 1, 2016. The inaugural awards will be announced in February or March of 2016.

Please share this exciting announcement with your fellow teachers and your students, and Good Luck!

Categories: Planet

Call for proposals now open for the 2016 CSTA Annual Conference

Computer Science Teacher Alfred Thompson - 3 September, 2015 - 01:52

It seems like I just got back from the 2015 CSTA Annual Conference but time marches on and the call for proposals for next summer’s conference was just released. I’ve presented a number of times over the years and presenting there is a great experience. Why? The audience is really engaged and interested in improving their teaching practice. I encourage people who are doing interesting things to propose a session.

The Computer Science Teachers Association (CSTA) invites you to participate in the 16th Annual CSTA Conference. This event will be held July 10-12, 2016, in San Diego, California.

The CSTA 2016 Program Committee seeks proposal submissions related to the practice of teaching and learning computer science and information technology in K-12. This year, the conference is seeking 3-hour workshops, 1-hour sessions, 20-minute mini-sessions and 1-hour Birds of a Feather.  Proposals for all session types must include:

  • the names and contact information for all presenters
  • an overview of the session
  • a description of the intended audience (level, knowledge, ...)
  • a description of session activity (in sufficient detail for an informed decision)
  • presenter background and presentation experience

Proposal must also include an expanded description (to be submitted as a PDF attachment) that provides the following information:

  • background for the topic to be presented
  • description of the information to be covered
  • description of why this information is relevant/useful to K-12 computer science and information technology teachers
  • description of what the attendees will learn from this presentation, and
  • description of any handouts

Presenters will have the use of a computer projector and screen. If additional equipment or facilities are required, this should be clearly requested in the proposal; it may be possible to accommodate such requests but this cannot be guaranteed. Presenters will be required to pay for their conference registration.

All proposals will be submitted through the online conference submission system that can be found at https://www.softconf.com/h/csta2016/.If you encounter a problem with the submission system, please contact Tammy Pirmann at submissions@csta-hq.org.

The deadline for proposals is midnight (Hawaiian time) on October 1, 2015. Review of proposals will occur shortly thereafter and notification of a decision will be made around November 2, 2015.  All submission will be evaluated on the following criteria:

  • technical quality
  • writing and presentation
  • relevance to CSTA (focus on K-12 computer science)
  • uniqueness
  • general conference theme and needs

Successful proposers should expect to be asked to submit a draft copy of their presentation by May 10, 2016. Draft presentations will be posted on the website for attendee reference and note-taking. All final presentations will be gathered by room proctors at the end of each session. Some sessions may be selected for videotaping, which will be shared online post conference. All workshops and sessions will be photographed.

Why present at CSTA 2016? The CSTA annual conference is the only CS conference specifically dedicated to meeting the needs of K-12 computer science educators. Come network with your peers, present your great ideas, and learn best practices. Here is what some 2015 conference attendees had to say about the conference:

  • "Best session and workshops I've ever attended at CSTA conference!"
  • "This was my first year as a CS teacher, and I've heard a number of good ideas that I'm excited to research further and implement in my classroom"
  • "CSTA has very welcoming presenters, participants and volunteers"
  • "Excellent conference! Very informative and exciting!"
  • "Networking opportunities and new friendships are invaluable!
  • 'Best conference value for my PD dollars that I have found to date!"

Additional conference details can be found at www.cstaconference.org.

The deadline for proposals is midnight (Hawaiian time) on October 1, 2015.

We look forward to receiving your proposals and to your attendance at the conference.

The 2016 Annual Conference Planning Committee,

Categories: Planet

Flipping the classroom together—from 3,000 miles away | eSchool News | eSchool News

Oz/NZ Educators Diigo Group - 2 September, 2015 - 18:05


  • "An explanation about how two teachers overcome the challenges of flipping their classrooms and co-planning lessons across states" - Rhondda Powling

Tags: flipping, flipped classroom, classroom activities, learning, teaching ideas

by: Rhondda Powling

Categories: International News

Part 2: Over 35 Formative Assessment Tools To Enhance Formative Learning Opportunities | 21 st Century Educational Technology and Learning

Oz/NZ Educators Diigo Group - 2 September, 2015 - 18:02


  • This post showcases a range of tools that can assist teachers with formative assessment. They range from providing interactive quizzes/check ups to providing the useful feedback that is essential in a classroom focused on student centered formative learning. - Rhondda Powling

Tags: formative assessment, assistive technology, tools, learning, classroom practices

by: Rhondda Powling

Categories: International News

Creating Safe, Strength-Based Classrooms | Edutopia

Oz/NZ Educators Diigo Group - 2 September, 2015 - 17:52


  • "Schools are a network of human beings who feel, think, behave, and function within a human system that is alive and never static. Inside living systems, we need to feel safe and felt. This system is wired to thrive, even through difficult times. We're here for deep learning, which is profoundly relational, and connection to one another is a prerequisite for our collective emotional, social, spiritual, and cognitive growth and development.
    In creating an environment that feels safe and relational, behavior management develops into behavior engagement" - Rhondda Powling

Tags: classrooms, resilience, well-being, classroom_management, school climate

by: Rhondda Powling

Categories: International News

3 Ways to Curate and Share Great Content | The Principal of Change

Oz/NZ Educators Diigo Group - 2 September, 2015 - 17:32


  • George Couros discusses how he sets about curating and sharing the work of others. " I have been blessed with a huge network on social media and I want to use that to not only share my voice, but hopefully the voice of others as wel" - Rhondda Powling

Tags: curation, social media, social networking, information literacy

by: Rhondda Powling

Categories: International News

It’s time to kill the timetable  | Innovative pedagogy – Dean Pearman

Oz/NZ Educators Diigo Group - 2 September, 2015 - 14:44


  • " What if we changed the time table in the same way. What if student’s came to school to learn and not just move from class to class. What if we changed how we use time? Is our current school structures killing learning? " - Rhondda Powling

Tags: timetable, pedagogy, classroom activities, learning, teaching

by: Rhondda Powling

Categories: International News

25 Fun Ways to use QR Codes for Teaching and Learning — Emerging Education Technologies

Oz/NZ Educators Diigo Group - 2 September, 2015 - 13:02


  • The author of the post has culled a bunch of ideas from different teachers who have shared their approaches to using QR codes in a classroom setting. Once students are equipped with a device that can read QR codes and they know how to scan them, it is easy to adapt the ideas here to use a classroom. - Rhondda Powling

Tags: qr codes, learning, teaching, educational technology, classroom activities

by: Rhondda Powling

Categories: International News

NCWIT Aspirations in Computing 2016

Computer Science Teacher Alfred Thompson - 2 September, 2015 - 02:23

It’s that time again! Visit the website at https://www.aspirations.org/ for more information but I have included some details to get you thinking.

From the web site: Applications for the 2016 Award for Aspirations in Computing are open from September 1 to October 26, 2015 (8:00 p.m. EDT).

The NCWIT Award for Aspirations in Computing honors high school women who are active and interested in computing and technology, and encourages them to pursue their passions. This multi-tiered competition includes recognition at the national level (sponsored by Bank of America) and at the local level (sponsored by Microsoft), serving 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, and all U.S. military bases overseas.

Each local award taps into the powerful network of NCWIT Alliance members: teams from academia, non-profit organizations, startups, and corporations come together to build a community of support for young women interested in computing.   Eligibility

Any U.S. high school woman in grades 9 through 12 is eligible to apply, if she also meets both of the following criteria:

  • She attends a high school in the U.S. or is a U.S. citizen attending a high school in Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, or on a U.S. military base.
  • She has a U.S. Tax Identification or Social Security Number.

Aspirations Award recipients are chosen for their outstanding aptitude and interest in computing, proven leadership ability, academic performance, and plans for post‑secondary education.

There is a category for educators as well.

  • Apply now for the NCWIT Aspirations in Computing Educator Award
  • Advocate for young women in computing
  • Receive recognition for your support with the Aspirations in Computing Educator Award by encouraging young women to apply for the Award for Aspirations in Computing
  • Connect with a vast network of other educators
  • Find resources to help teach your students about the current trends in technology
Categories: Planet

The One Guarantee

The Principal of Change George Couros - 1 September, 2015 - 08:43

I recently received an email and was asked a question that I get all of the time.  With the promotion of students using social media, what do you if something goes wrong (meaning students swear or say something inappropriate)?

How I always answer this to give people piece of mind, is by saying, “The one thing that I can guarantee, 100%, is that something will go wrong at some point.  What is more important is how you handle it? Will you see this as a teachable moment or will you react and shut everything down?”

Obviously there are different levels of what could happen, but the idea that we shut something down because of our fears of what could happen, as opposed to looking at the possibilities of what we can do is really holding back of our students.  Anyone can write down inappropriate messages with a pencil, yet I have never seen a mass exodus of that tool in schools because of the fear of what could happen.

The best approach, is always a proactive one.  Working with students at a young age to understand the impact of what they share, both positive and negative, will only come from an understanding of using social media ourselves.  Fear often comes from a lack of knowledge, rarely an abundance.

I was reminded of this quote that I heard a student say this year, and feel it is relevant to this conversation.

“Social media is like water because it is everywhere in our life.  We can ignore it and watch kids drown, or we can teach kids how to swim.  Which way are you going to go?”

Understanding that in all learning, things go wrong and people make mistakes.  Guarding them from this doesn’t prepare them for the future, let alone the present.  We can no longer hold back students because of our fears of what could go wrong, but lead by focusing on what could go right.  The probability of something amazing and powerful happening increases tremendously when we focus on making the positive, as opposed to hiding from the possible negatives.

Categories: Planet

Maker Club: 3D Printing with a Chromebook (or just a browser)

Oz/NZ Educators Diigo Group - 31 August, 2015 - 21:54


  • "Given the prevalence of Chromebooks in schools, and the momentum with 3D Printing as a school science activity, it seems logical that people would ask "How can we do 3D Printing with just Chromebooks?". Here's some ideas for tools that will all work on the web - on your Chromebook (or in your other computer's browser with no downloaded software)." - Rhondda Powling

Tags: chromebook, printing, 3Dprinting, maker movement, youtube

by: Rhondda Powling

Categories: International News

YouTube And Flipped Teaching | Flipteaching

Oz/NZ Educators Diigo Group - 31 August, 2015 - 21:40


  • "Whether you are just beginning your flipped teaching journey, or an experienced flipped teacher, YouTube offers a variety of ways to organize instructional videos for both teachers and students alike. Note taking with VideoNot.es is just one avenue teachers and students can explore to increase the benefits of video instruction." - Rhondda Powling

Tags: youtube, teaching, classroom activities, flipped classroom

by: Rhondda Powling

Categories: International News

Science4Us Digital Science Curriculum: Includes Embedded PD Resources | Class Tech Tips

Oz/NZ Educators Diigo Group - 31 August, 2015 - 21:08


  • "Science4Us is a standards-based digital science curriculum that teaches science using the 5E inquiry-based instructional model. In addition to over 350 digital games and online activities, there are tons of offline experiments and hands-on projects to keep students engaged and excited about science.  It’s a great choice for teachers looking to include cross-curricular activities that connect science instruction to math and language arts. Students will also learn the importance of notetaking and observing, with their very own digital notebook." - Rhondda Powling

Tags: science, curriculum, tech tips, educational technology

by: Rhondda Powling

Categories: International News

Interesting Links 31 August 2015

Computer Science Teacher Alfred Thompson - 31 August, 2015 - 19:43
Well school is back for real now. I had students in class most of last week so we’re completely live. I have great students. My Honors Programming class has a bunch of self-starters who have learned a lot before they got to me. Challenging them is going to keep things interesting. Speaking of interesting, here are this weeks links to share.
Why I’m Not Looking to Hire Computer-Science Majors is an opinion piece in the New York Times last week. There was a bunch of discussion on Facebook about it.  Hadi Partovi has one of the best replies which he posted on Quopra some time ago at Does college make you a better coder? This issue keeps coming up. I thought about writing a whole blog post on it but Hadi says a lot very well. The advice I give students is to not limit themselves to what we cover in class.
Leigh Ann DeLyser doesn’t blog often enough in my opinion but when she does post her posts are worth reading. For example Jumping Back In – Academic Papers all CS Teachers Should Read
More cyber security professionals needed, but few CS grads available—especially women. The article on CNBC is The growing need for more women cyber sleuths
Using Cortana to interact with your customers (10 by 10) some useful information about adding Cortana, Microsoft’s personal assistant that is not available on Windows 10 as well as Windows phone. I need to get my IT person to upgrade my lab.
Apple retail chief Ahrendts thinks covert Apple Watch use in the classroom is a good idea None of the teachers I know agree with him. I think deliberate use is a fine thing. I have students look up answers to questions that come up in class discussion all the time. Using devices for cheating is not something I’d advocate for. 
MobileFusion: Research project turns regular mobile phone into 3D scanner – So far this is still a research project at Microsoft Research but I can see lots of great educational uses for this.

Categories: Planet

Brit Lab - YouTube

Oz/NZ Educators Diigo Group - 31 August, 2015 - 13:04


  • A growing number of videos that may be of interest for science.
    “for instance BBC Brit’s Biggest Bangs is a fun, interactive video experience that allows users to channel their inner mad scientists, mixing dangerous chemicals with sometimes explosive results without a proper laboratory. The secret behind the interactivity is a central choose-your-own-adventure video around which annotations lead to separate videos that respond to your chemical selections.”
    You choose your first chemical and then select another from among eight on the laboratory table.  You’ll see the team scientist take each chemical from the table.  Then pause to consider–will it explode or won’t it?
    If it doesn’t, the oh so serious, oh so British narrator offers background on why the bang, or the lack of bang (NR or no reaction) may have disappointed, as well as what the resulting compound is and does. - Rhondda Powling

Tags: youtube, science, chemistry, classroom activities

by: Rhondda Powling

Categories: International News

Staying the Same is Ultimately Falling Behind

The Principal of Change George Couros - 31 August, 2015 - 05:14

Almost one year ago to the day, I wrote a post entitled, “5 Questions You Should Ask Your Leader“.  Sylvia Duckworth created the image below to go along with the post:

I was reminded of the last question recently, “What will be your fingerprints on the building after you leave?” Someone shared with me the idea that they had hoped their new principal coming into the school wouldn’t change much, and just let them keep doing what they are doing.  In our world today, maintaining is falling behind, and reminds me of the quote from John C. Maxwell, “Change is inevitable. Growth is optional.”

Now I know that consistency is important in any organization, and I am not advocating a 180 degree turn in buildings when a new principal or educators walks into the building.  I also don’t believe that immediate change is necessary as it is important to learn and build upon the strengths of the people already in the building, and for someone to understand the strengths of those that they serve, relationships must be built over time.  But if we truly want to grow as educators, my hope is that when new people arrive in our schools, they will push us to become better, no matter their position.  If you really think about it, would we be comfortable with a teacher that simply maintains the intelligence of the students they receive in any year?  We would expect growth of our students, as we should expect growth from ourselves.

So to the new people starting in your schools this year, what fingerprints will you leave after you are gone?  What change in trajectory will you have created not only in your students, but of your colleagues.  And to those that are hoping things just “stay the same”, I am reminded of the Einstein quote, “Once you stop learning, you start dying.”

Categories: Planet

Spaces for Learning

Classroom 2.0 Diigo Group - 30 August, 2015 - 18:33


  • Learning is impacted by many forces such as the learner's disposition to the process, the quality of their teacher's pedagogy, their emotional state and nature of the curriculum. Amongst this long list of factors is naturally the environment in which that learning occurs and the relationship between the environment and the learner. - Nigel Coutts

Tags: education, learning, teaching

by: Nigel Coutts

Categories: International News
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