This paper reports on one aspect of a research project to develop an instrument to measure ICT curriculum integration. It refers to other papers by the authors that provide details of the development process and statistical validation of the instrument. It draws attention to theoretical and practical issues that need to be addressed in the design and implementation of such an instrument. The paper also considers recent research that illuminates methodologies supportive of recording and measuring ICT curriculum integration and student attainment. It recommends that future research directions should involve parallel quantitative and qualitative methodologies that illuminate the details of the learning experience taking place and are founded in an understanding of the transformational possibilities enabled by ICT use.